- Indira Gandhi
- Rajiv Gandhi
- Lal Bahadur Shastri
- None of these
Tashkent Declaration, also known as Tashkent Agreement was signed on January 10, 1966.
The Tashkent Agreement was a peace agreement signed between India and Pakistan, following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. It was mediated by the Soviet Union and signed in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan (then part of the Soviet Union). The agreement aimed to establish peace and normalize relations between the two countries.
The Tashkent Agreement was a peace agreement signed between India and Pakistan.
It was mediated by the Soviet Union.
- Both India and Pakistan committed to fostering friendly relations based on the principles outlined in the United Nations Charter.
- The parties agreed to settle their disputes through peaceful methods and refrain from using force.
- Both India and Pakistan were required to remove all their armed personnel by February 25, 1966. Additionally, they were instructed to relocate the personnel to the positions they occupied prior to August 5, 1965. Both nations were obligated to adhere to the terms of the ceasefire along the ceasefire line.
- The principle of non-interference in each other’s internal affairs was to be upheld, promoting good neighborly relations.
- Propaganda aimed at inciting hostility between the two countries was to be discouraged, while efforts to promote friendly relations through propaganda were encouraged.
- The respective high commissioners were to be reinstated, and normal diplomatic missions were to resume, following the guidelines of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961.
- Measures were to be considered to restore economic and trade relations, improve communication, and encourage cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan.
- Both sides agreed to repatriate prisoners of war.
- The discussion on refugees, evictions, and illegal immigrations was to continue, with efforts to prevent the exodus of people. The return of property and assets taken over by either side during the conflict was also a topic for discussion.
- The two countries committed to ongoing meetings at various levels to address matters of mutual concern.
The Tashkent Agreement was signed by Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, and President of Pakistan, Ayub Khan.